What is meant by ‘Discipline’

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Following orders is a big part of discipline; doing so insures that you can follow an order that helps to develop the correct skills in later life. From a young child I’ve been following orders and obeying them.

Examples of orders would be cleaning my room, putting rubbish out. Small orders but have been efficient. Efficiency links in to that, I can organise my self and make sure I’m efficient by meeting deadlines, being on time and having correct uniform, equipment.

Self-discipline involves patience, good manners, professionalism and keeping fit. Even at the best times everyone can lack in one of them. Keeping fit requires turning up on time every time you have arranged to, the discipline of getting up or going late to keep yourself fit is some times hard work.

Meeting deadlines is a big part of discipline, determining whether your disciplined enough to hand in work on time attend lessons on time.

As officers you are expected to respect the uniform…Officers need public confidence to help officers through their shift

Punctuality – police officers training included being punctual, if as a police officer you aren’t punctual what do you think the public will think?

Its essential that you as officers do have a good, clean, complete uniform, before going out on duty, why? The consequences at the very least would be total lack of respect from the public.

Teamwork is an extremely important factor whilst out in the eyes of the public. Expectations of younger officers are that you are exception by means of superior, eminence teamwork!

Efficiency means reaching the maximum out put from minimum input. Meaning looking rationally at the tasks that have to be done no time wasting.

The amount of money put into training to give young police officers a very disciplined and through training programme. The outcome of this is that officers whether on or off duty is to be off a very high standard.

Out of working hours, officers should and will be a good ‘public image’ which means obeying all the laws.

“Single act of discipline can make police several hundred enemies within a week”

Police officers are to control fear and continue to work under harsh situations, handling those situations to a high standard as taught in training.

Carelessness, sloppiness and poor time keeping undermine other people’s efforts and undermine discipline. You are responsible for these don’t let the it be you?

Be proud of the fact you’ve been taught to fulfil the role of a well-trained and disciplined officer

You efforts as officers are continuously monitored from now they will be more so, at the end of the review period, rewards are offered to sections and individual officers

Be the best team make the team proud!

Memo to colleague

The notice that was done on police officers ‘shaping up’ was not as insensitive as the one I researched which happened to be on the new recruits in the army. The way the ‘shaping up’ notice was processed was in stages breaking down areas that need improving with a compromise that will be efficient within weeks to come.

I noticed that in the army notice the approach was to dismissed there service if they didn’t complete all the bullet points may have been alittle daunting for the cadets.

The ‘shaping up’ notice was based on a Milgrams theory of influencing young officers in steps, other wise the force as a whole may lose a lot of potentially decent officers. The police officers notice stressed that they should remember what they learnt on there training, the idea that we spent lots of recruitment money on recruits. Ideally we cant and don’t for that matter want to lose officers without trying to offer them a new beginning.

The discipline in both forces should be stressed to all new recruits, a lot of resources and manpower goes into recruiting. I’m positive that the way the notice is set out will make officers think twice and not disobey what is stressed on the notice.

Conformity and obedience

Conformity means changing you behaviour and ideas so that they are the same as the group you are with.

Obedience means doing as you are told.

Conformity results from a decision by the person who conforms to go along with the group while obedience is imposed from outside.

Jenness

Jenness was the first person to study conformity in 1932. His study was on beans in a bottle. He had people estimate the number of beans in a bottle – first one at a time, then in a group. After the group had agreed on an estimate, he then got the individuals to make a second estimate, and found that this time they were closer to the group estimate.

Sherif

A man called Sherif did this experiment in 1935. His idea was to use a human guinea pig, placed him in a dark room, requesting him to stare at a tiny point of light projected on the wall, then asked him to estimate how far the point had actually moved. Sherif tested this experiment on other applicants. Applicants gave wildly differing guesses as to how far the point had moved.

Once they had guessed individually, Sherif let his subjects hear each other’s guesses and then asked them to guess again. In the end a group agreement was reached which was close to the average of all the original individual estimates.

Sherif knew that the point hadn’t moved at all, but knew that his participant’s eyes would play tricks on them.

Asch

In 1951 Asch did a experiment with individuals using a line experiment.

To start the experiment he gave individuals two cards with straight lines on. The individuals simply had to match the standard line with the comparison line of the same length.

Then he had them doing the same with a group. In both cases they got the right answer but Asch put individuals in with a group that (secretly) he had instructed to agree on the wrong answer. He arranged it so that his chosen individual had to make a decision only after all the others had already given the wrong answer. He found that 32% of his subjects started giving wrong answers as well. He found it that whenever there are three or more they would do this.

Factors that influence conformity

1. A single person who feels that they are on their own is much more likely to conform than two or more people who can back each other up against a group. If a girl was the only person not smoking in her class breaks more likely feel like changing to smoking. However if another girl who doesn’t smoke is with the group at a break she will feel under less pressure to conform.

2. In modern society we are put under a lot of pressure to conform over simple things, like what we wear or what time we come to work but complex things are much less of an issue.

3. A person will feel pressure to conform to a group if there are three or more people in the group. So where conformity is concerned, there is a lot of truth I twos company threes a crowd. People who don’t conform, may feel left out or different, although if it was to do with something more serious there may be a different explanation.

Factors that make people obey

1. It a person is more experienced, older, successful or physically stronger, people will obey them more. All the qualities are linked to status. The greater the difference in status between the person giving the command and the person receiving it, the greater the likely hood that the command will be obeyed.

Although power can overall people, a high status person will be less likely to obey orders from a lower status.

2. Anyone in education will obey a teacher due to the fact that there is a punishment or threat if they neglect to perform properly. Using a threat may not work to the teachers advantage, as every time a suggestion is put forward the possibility that without the threat it will not obeyed.

3. From a early stage in children’s life’s they start obeying to orders which potentially make it easier to obey orders when alittle older. Equally, a child may also give orders more effectively in later life, as they have learnt what obedience means.

Stimulus and response is the most basic form of learning, a psychologist uses two types of conditioning

* Classical conditioning

Ivan Pavlov carried out a experiment in 1920’s. He discovered that dogs salivated when they saw food. Nothing surprising in this, but when he found out that if he sounded a buzzer before for the food appeared, on a regular basis, the dogs salivated at the sound of the buzzer. Ivan Pavlov called this a type of learning based on a frequent repetition of the same actions. I.E. the dog knew that when the buzzer sounded, they would receive food after.

* Operant conditioning

BF Skinner taught rats to press a lever to obtain food. At first the rat accidentally pressed the lever allowing food to come out. It wasn’t long before the rat knew that by pressing the lever would give the rat food. This type of conditioning is where a animal is trained to learn followed by a reward of food.

Another experiment was done but on punishment that was done by a man called Watson. Such punishments included loud noises and electric shocks. Watson also managed to make a young boy frightened rats. By hitting a four-foot metal bar making a loud unpleasant noise every time he showed him a rat. As long as the stimulus and response is repeated often enough, learning will take place.

Letter to J. Galliano

In response to your letter about the police, I will endeavour to answer why the uniform of the police services is a good reason to keep it.

In your opinion that the uniform is ugly, we arranged a survey asking what civilians thought to the uniform, the majority (89%) agreed and said the uniform is a very good idea, the reason to this was a number of suggestions, but a few pointed out that, in a crowd of people in a big city, having a uniform is a great deal more identifiable than police officers walking around in civilian clothes. It also keeps law and order where officers and present.

For a good company to work employee’s one, need to look the part two feel comfortable and three need to be safe in what they are wearing. Take for example a doctor wearing overalls gloves etc if they weren’t to wear them, doctors and nurses, would carry infections around which could infect more people.

The police wear uniform that will protect them from criminals who threaten police with knives, guns anything that can injury them. It may be expensive but it does save lives.

The dislike towards the police is only 30-40%, there reasons may be varied why they dislike the police but it make you wonder how many have convicted a crime to hate them, also people conform with others therefore they aren’t a recluse. Looking on the up side, it means that 70% of the population do relay on the police when in trouble.

The police act as a deterrent in the respect 90% of the time if a police officer is in the area people wont commit crimes, as the fear of getting caught is to risky. The response time from a 999 call is under 8 minutes in many counties. Police have been through a serious of training to catch criminals, whether the criminal see the police or not.

The police force do have officers that aren’t required to wear a uniform, they are called CID. There job is to work under cover, they are required to keep certain equipment on them, along with that they are required to always show there ID cards along with introducing them selves to people before proceeding.

If a person were to knock on your window while in your car, wearing plan clothes you would hesitate to open the window, where as if a police officer in uniform was to advance onto you, you would know who they are without worrying too much.

The other thing is that with technology in modern society it’s not unrealistic for people to copy the ID cards and interpretate a police officer.

The police in there training is very much more carefree compared to some countries. In our society we have been brought up with military protection. In some countries especially now people are scared when they see uniform confront them, it could mean they are about to get killed.

Police conform to a certain extent but I think personally its not dehumanising. The police are taught what was in there training, the last thing the public need is, police officers lose there sense of proportion due to personal circumstances. Police are trained to be reliable predictable when on duty and off duty.

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