We begin the French Revolution, perhaps our most important moment of the course. We spend five classes on it. McKay 619-621. McKay is very brief on this. I will also give you a HANDOUT that is somewhat challenging
Marquis de LafayetteFrench soldier who joined General Washingtons staff and became a general in the Continental Army. Came from France as an aristocrat wanting to fight Frances classic enemy the English.
Desacralizationthe removal (during the reigns of Louis XV and Louis XVI) of the divine sanction that had undergirded the absolutism of Louis XIV
Estates GeneralA legislative body in pre-revolutionary France made up of representatives of each of the three classes, or estates. It was called into session 1789 for the first time since 1614.
Three EstatesThe three legal categories, or orders, of Frances inhabitants: the clergy, the nobility and everyone else.
National AssemblyThe first French revolutionary legislature, made up primarily of representatives of the third estate and a few from the nobility and clergy, in session from 1789 to 1791.
Tennis Court OathA pledge made by the National Assembly to not disband until they had created a brand new constitution.
BourgeoisieComfortable members of the 3rd estate. Basically middle class, wanted the privileges of the nobility and upper clergy.
EbonyA nickname for French slaves on French trade colonies such as Saint-Domingue
ProtectionistPerson who would protect domestic producers with tariffs, quotas, and other trade barriers.
Liberal ProfessionsJobs done by many of the Bourgeoisie class such as law, medicine, or ministry.
Voting by OrderSystem in which each estate would vote separately and would have veto power over the other two; the first and second estate teamed up and the third estate always lost.
Doubling the ThirdThe act that made the Third Estate twice the size of either of the two groups that formed the Estates General
CommonsName given to the Third Estate after losing many trials to the First and Second Estates.
Voting by HeadAllows all three estates to meet together and each representative has an individual vote.
Juridical RevolutionThe first part of the revolution done by the Bourgeoisie with eliminated the Estates (Declaration Abolishing Feudal System) and changed things through law.
NeckerLouis XVIs financial dude who wrongfully advised him to call the Estates General
Civic GuardPeople serving their community
Ancien RegimeOld Regime of 3 Estates w/ Noble, Clergy having power