Urban Development FRQ

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy
Zone X and Zone Y are two different types of neighborhoods with high concentrations of households headed by females. Use the map above to answer the following questions.
A) Briefly describe two socioeconomic factors that have led to the concentration of households headed by females in Zone X and two socioeconomic factors that have led to the concentration of households headed by females in Zone Y.
B) Discuss one adverting or one disadvantage of the Hoyt sector model for understanding the location and characteristics of Zones X and Y.
A) In Zone X, they’re poor with kids and have to live close to the city, perhaps because of public housing. They are too poor to have a car so they must live close to their low paying jobs found in the CDB, warehouses, or Air Force Base. The breakdown of a family has left a woman with kids having only one income, so she can only afford the poor housing. Gender gap is when women make less money than men even when doing the same exact job, so that can keep them poor. They may be female students going to a college in the downtown area. It might be a petrified area where a SINK female or lesbians might be. In Zone Y, women who receive a lot of money in alimony and child support will want to be in the safer neighborhoods with better schools. Career women who never had kids and want to live somewhere safe with nice amenities. A widowed women who is well off wants to be where it’s safe. A woman who is subsidized by her family. Women who have a negative perception of X will try to utilize whatever resources they can to live in Y.
B) {DO NOT NEED TO WRITE ON FRQ} Hoyt focused on residential patterns that explained where wealthy people choose to live within a city. It also shows where middle in come and low income residents will live. He said the city grows outward from the CBD, creating zones that look like wedges. These wedges are formed along transportation quarters like the railroads, with wealthy people on one side and lower income on the other. {DO NOT NEED TO WRITE ON FRQ} Advantages: Hoyt said there’s only one CBD and there’s only on on this map. He said it’s divided into sectors, not rings, that radiate from transportation quarters and on this map you have low income on one side of the railroad tracks and high income on the other. He said the high income choose the areas that have the most physical entities, and on this map, the high income is next to the lake, the country club, and the mall. He also said that sectors are built on industry and non-industry, with the poor people close to the industry, and the wealthy people away from the industry. Disadvantages: This map shows multi-nuclei tendencies with the mall off of a freeway and an Air Force Base off of a a freeway. Hoyt never considered gentrification or government city beautifying programs that would attract wealthier people, closer in to the CBD.
The graph shown above describes the residential density profile of a major North American city. The population pyramids labeled X and Y describe the demographic composition of places located at points X and Y on the graph of the population density.
A) Use the concept of land rent (sometimes called bid-rent) to explain the profile of residential population density shown on the graph.
B) Using the population pyramids labeled X and Y, identify and explain two differences in the demographic composition between the pyramids.
C) Explain the relationship between the demographic differences identified in part B, and residential land use patterns at point X and point Y, respectively, in the graph of population density.
A) Population density decreases the further away you go from the CBD, because there’s less competition of people for land that is further away from the CBD. There are more poor people than wealthy people, and these people need to be close to the jobs in the CBD, because they don’t have reliable transportation. Wealthier people tend to want to be away from the crime, pollution, and crowded conditions near the CBD. They own nice cars and want nice homes with spacious lawns, but there aren’t as many of those people.
B) There are more children between the ages of 0 and 20 in Y than there is in X. There are more 35 to 50 year olds in Y than in X. There are slightly more 20 to 30 ear olds. There are more 60 and older in X than Y. There are more 65 and older females in X.
C) There are more children in Y than X because their parents want them in the suburbs where it’s safe and the schools are better. There are more 35 to 50 year olds because many parents are that age, their jobs are more established and their earning power is higher
In the 1990s the central business and residential districts of cities in the United States became the focus of a revitalization process. Discuss how each of the following has contributed to this revitalization process.
A) Economic factors
B) Demographic composition
C) Urban policy
D) Sense of place
A) Gentrification of rundown neighborhoods by hosting artsy festivals which will bring in artsy businesses and SINKs and DINKs will start renovating the home. Festivals and museums, aquariums, and sporting facilities downtown, increase tourism in the downtown area which creates jobs and increases the downtown property values. Annexation by extending the city borders out into high income, residential neighborhoods. Try to agglomerate industry which will attract a lot of basic industry which will create nonbasic industry in the downtown and surrounding areas.
B) Single women with children who need the public transportation. 20-25 year olds who want to live in affordable, gentrified neighborhoods. Older people who are empty nesters who don’t need a large house and are retiring so they need cheap housing. They have time to do the cultural things the CBD offers, and they take advantage of the public transportation.
C) They can annex, which is extend the city border into a high income, residential neighborhood. The government can give tax credits for people who are trying to preserve houses. They can do public business partnerships where the government gives a cheap lease on government owned land to a basic industry in order to create more jobs. They can tear down public housing and build it in the suburbs so that public housing can be used for commercial businesses or for public business partnerships. They can rezone so that residential becomes commercial, which can make the property values go up, assuming businesses will move in.
D) Community pride, like festivals that honor the history or people of the city. Community theater, renovating historic landmarks within the city and making them an enjoyable place to spend time, offering more cultural and sports amenities. Likeness of lifestyles like Naples and wealthy retirees. Cultural diversity acceptance
A large proportion of urban residents in the megacities of the periphery of the world system live in the squatter settlements.
A) Describe a typical location of squatter settlements within urban areas of megacities on the global periphery.
B) Describe two factors that contribute to the formation of squatter settlements.
C) Give a detailed description of three consequences of the rapid growth of squatter settlements. The three consequences you discuss may be social, economic, political, or environmental.
A) They are located on the outskirts or edge of the city. Sometimes it’s on the side of a mountain.
B) The people who come are rural to urban immigrants who were poor when they came and can’t find affordable housing. There are not enough jobs for all the immigrants. There’s not enough housing for the large number of rural to urban immigrants.
C) There’s an increase in crime because many people can’t find jobs. There will be pollution because there’s not enough water or waste disposal. They don’t have clean water to drink or bathe in so there’s an increase in disease because of uncleanliness. The government can’t provide enough housing. The people can become disgruntled and form gangs or try to overthrow the government.
The map and table above show the geographic location, population growth, and projected growth of Mexico’s most populous cities.
A) Define the following terms and describe how each relates to Mexico’s urban geography
– Primate City
– Rank-size Rule
B) Explain two positive effects of primate cities on a country;s economic development and two different negative effects of primate cities on a country’s economic development.
A) A primate city is one that is at least twice as large as the next largest city. Mexico has a primate city, which is Mexico City. Rank-size rule is when the second largest city is half the size of the first largest city, the third largest city will be a third of the population size of the the largest city, and so on. This does not apply to Mexico.
B) An agglomeration of industry, more high order goods and services will be found there. Primate cities are more tied into the global community and tend to attract more transnational corporations because there are so many low-skilled people to work in the factories. There’s an uneven distribution of resources. There’s uneven development because most of the development will be in the primate city. If something bad happens in the primate city it ill have devastating financial impact on the entire country. The primate city gets more attention and representation in the national government, making other people upset.
Tagged In :

Get help with your homework


image
Haven't found the Essay You Want? Get your custom essay sample For Only $13.90/page

Sarah from CollectifbdpHi there, would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out