United Kingdom

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The total area of the United Kingdom is 244 square kilometers. Great Britain is situated in the temperate zone of Europe. The nature of Great Britain is greatly affected by the sea. The territory of I-J can be divided in four areas England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland. The coastline of Great Britain is greatly indented, especially in the west and north- west where the mountains come close to the coast. Great Britain enjoys the humid and mild marine West-Coast climate with cold winters and warm summers and a lot of rainfall throughout the year.

The prevailing winds blow from the south-west. The out of England is often called the “Garden of England”, because there are many gardens and orchards there. United Kingdom currently has political stability; it has good bilateral ties with many countries but currently has tensed relationship with European Union. In United Kingdom constitutional monarchy framework is followed in which Monarch is the head of state and the Prime Minister is the head of government.

Currently Queen Elizabeth is serving as a monarch and David Cameron 133398848 1-J PESTLE ANALYSIS Part 1 doc By Serene-Wong is acting as Prime Minister. Following the May 2 O general election, the political tuition in the country is stable. In 2010 election Conservative party headed by David Cameron won the election against the major contender Labor party and Liberal Democrat party In the earlier election Labor party headed by Tony Blair won the election by full majority. The UK is one of 27 member states of the European Union (ELI) and is subject to EX. legislation but UK is not part of the Euro zone.

The chances of its Joining EX. has further decreased after I-J blocked proposed changes to the EX. Lisbon treaty aimed at addressing the crisis in the Euro zone, which by the autumn of 2011 had reached an acute phase. As per the survey of 2008, UK is the 8th most politically stable place to live in because there is less risk of military invasion. Australia has the strongest relationship politically and on economic matters with I-J. The I-J, a leading trading power and financial center, is the third largest economy in Europe after Germany and France.

Over the past two decades, the government has greatly reduced public ownership and contained the growth of social welfare programs. Agriculture is intensive, highly mechanized, and efficient by European standards, producing about 60% of food needs with less than 2% of the labor force. The I-J has large coal, natural gas, and oil resources, but its oil and natural gas reserves are declining and the UK became a net importer of energy in 2005. Services, particularly banking, insurance, and business services, account by far for the largest proportion of GAP while industry continues to decline in importance.

In 2008, however, the global financial crisis hit the economy particularly hard, due to the importance of its financial sector. Sharply declining home prices, high consumer debt, and the global economic slowdown compounded Britain’s economic problems, gushing the economy into recession in the latter half of 2008 and prompting the government to implement a number of measures to stimulate the economy and stabilize the financial markets. In 2010 government initiated a five-year austerity program, which aimed to lower Loon’s budget deficit from over 10% of GAP in 2010 to nearly 1% by 2015.

GAP fell 0. 1%, budget deficit remained high at 7. 7% of GAP and debt continued to increase. The aging population, Ethnic and religious differences these days is concern for the I-J government but the literacy rate in UK is their power. The impact of terrorism and political violence has been a major issue in British life over many years. The complexity of cultural and social interaction in Britain leads to discussions of race, ethnicity and deprivation amongst minority groups.

The status and problems of minorities are a continuing challenge for British governments despite efforts to produce a more ‘inclusive society, which is an ambition, shared by all the major political parties. An added dimension is the apparent growth of race-related crime and the role of various minority groups. Literacy rate in UK is near to 100% and government wants to increase their investment on Education services as it is one of their most important exports. Furthermore there is no difference on the basis of sex in employment area.

The European Innovation Scoreboard 2008 ranks the I-J one of the innovation leaders, with innovation performance well above that of the EX. average and all other countries. The I-J has a strong track record in science and innovation. It possesses four of the world’s top six universities, and a research base that is now second only to the US in the 68 group of countries for excellence, producing 12% of all cited papers and 14% to the most highly cited papers. The UK is also recognized as one to Rupee’s ‘Innovation Leaders’.

For over a decade, Government policy has consistently supported the development of the Auk’s scientific and technological capabilities. This has been underpinned by record levels of investment in science of over GAP 40 billion. Since the early sass, the I-J has made noteworthy progress in dealing with number environmental pressures from economic growth. It achieved strong decoupling for major air pollutants and CO, for water withdrawals and for agrochemical consumption. This progress reflects both the reshaping of the economy ND the strengthening of I-J environmental policies in the EX. context.

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