U. S. government knows
In recent year the U. S. -Mexico border regions has experienced a rapid increase in population. At the middle of the 19th century only 70,000 people lived along the border. In 1990 almost ten million people lived along the border. This affects the population that lives in the interior of Mexico because the high employment wages are the ones next to the border. From the U. S. side, we see relatively a low wage scale which attracted new business to the area causing the growth of population. It is not for our convenience that people migrated to these regions because cost of living goes up and salaries goes down.
The more people we are, the more competition we have. It is nice though to learn different cultures, different languages, and habits. It is important to note that Mexico’s leading source of revenue is the maquiladoras which it started in 1960s. The maquiladoras, or in-bond manufacturing, program allows foreign companies to set up plants in Mexico to which they can ship raw material and components duty-free for assembly or futher processing and subsequent exportation. These assembly plants, called maquiladoras, traditionally have produce electronic components, automotive parts, or clothing, but are expanding to other areas.
The number of maquiladoras has increased greatly during the 1980s, and they are perceived by some economic development analysts as the salvation of the border economy. But for my point of view I think the maquiladoras are going down. For example in Ensenada a just to see 7 maquiladoras opened on my way to my uncle’s house, and now a just see one open, and I have been going regularly.
I talk with people and most of them tell me that maquiladoras are not operating anymore. (Lorey 2, 3). Another important event happened in 1993, the U. S. Congress gave President Bush authority to negotiate a free-trade agreement with Mexico while Carlos Salinas was at the presidency. This trade is The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) however it was Implementation on January 1, 1994. There is perhaps no better place to visualize the impact of NAFTA on trade than at our borders. Increasingly long lines of tractor trailers on both sides of the line make it clear that trade between NAFTA partners is significant, and it is growing.
Thanks to this trade, the U. S. Mexican border area is actually the fastest growing economic region in North America, where many cities on both sides of the border are experiencing economic growth. We have seen a number of factors that have contributed to this growth, but NAFTA plays a major role in this unique prosperity. In 1997, approximately $137 billion worth of U. S. -Mexican trade passed through Mexican-U. S. border ports. Texas has, by far, the most important border crossing points (border ports) for all Mexican-U. S and Mexico-Canadian trade, including the majority of agricultural trade.
Arizona and California ports are very important for agricultural, fish and forestry products (Castai?? eda 65 – 68). In 1996, approximately 65 percent of Mexican-U. S. agricultural trade was transported over land. On average, the United States exports approximately 55 percent of all agricultural products to Mexico over land, while Mexico exports about 85 percent of its agricultural exports that way. Ocean freight is also an important mode of transportation for U. S. grains. There are approximately 29 commercial border crossing points along the U. S. /Mexico border of which nine ports handle the mass of the trade.
There are also six ports that service rail transport through the border. Although U. S. imports have grown under NAFTA, so have U. S. exports. Without NAFTA, the United States would have lost these expanded export opportunities. So we can say that the U. S. depends in some way on Mexico, as well as, Mexico depends on almost 90% on U. S. (Garza 40, 41). Whereas in 1975 Mexican petroleum and Mexico’s newfound wealth were the main topics of conversation in the borderlands, today the words heard most often are maquiladoras, free trade and drugs; however, I think that narcos (drug dealers) make more money than investors on free trade.
Another suspicion that I have is that the U. S. government knows who the narcos are, but if the U. S. government locks them up this will affect U. S. economy, as well as, Mexico’s economy. Another illegal act that takes place in the Mexico-U. S. border is the crossing of o mojados (immigrants). The people that crossed immigrants are known as “polleros” (Castai?? eda 14). Although what they are doing is wrong, we can not blame the polleros for trying to survive in this world; like us they want to have a good life. Personally I feel bad when border patrols killed a person that is trying to give a better life to his /her family. They forget that we are humans that we are equal, and we should not kill each other. We have to stop this!
Casta eda, Jorge G. and Pastor Robert A. Limites en la Amistad Mexico y Estados Unidos. Ed. Joaquin Mortiz. Mexico D. F. : 1989. Castai?? eda, Jorge G. The Mexican Shock its Meaning for the U. S. The New Press. New York, NY: 1995. Encarta(r) Encyclopedia 2002, Mexican War. Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Garcia, Rodolfo and Velasco, Jesus. Bringing the Border. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc. Boston: 1997.