The History of News Papers and TV broadcasting
Newspapers were first produced in bulk load in 1896 these were produced at a low price and many people were able to buy them. The Daily Mail started the ball rolling and is the mother of the modern tabloid. Today there are more tabloids sold and new companies have started producing papers like The Times or The Guardian. Tabloid papers are small and easier to handle than broadsheet papers. Tabloids have built up a reputation for being biased and full of gossip. They cover more stories about what celebrities get up to than actual important news.
As well as celebrities the royal family get a lot of attention and are under constant eye of the papers. Without celebrities the tabloids wouldn’t know what to write about. The papers need the celebrities and so do the celebrities need the papers for their publicity. The tabloids are written in colloquial language. They make no attempt to sound educated or refined. They write like ordinary people talk and that’s the reason it appeals to so many people. Tabloids have changed a lot since they first started and nowadays they contain more gossip than actual news. The first news to be broadcast over the radio was about hundred years ago.
The message could only be transmitted in a two-mile radius and was not very long, as it had to be done with Morse code. But as technology advanced people were able to transmit voices and music. Then in 1922 the British Broadcasting Corporation ltd was formed (BBC). The BBC started off with just four people running it but within a year 177 people were employed and helped to run it. In 1926 the first TV image was seen. The BBC saw a tremendous growth and by 1945 15 million people were able to watch TV and see the latest news.
It wasn’t until 1953 however that television beat the radio for audience size. 70 million throughout Europe could watch the Queen Elizabeth being crowned. Comparing a broadsheet with a tabloid. The two papers I have looked at are The Times and The Daily Mirror. The Times is a broadsheet and The Daily Mirror is a tabloid. The target audience for The Times is businessmen aged 40 and above. This is because it contains a lot of business information for example it contains the latest information on the stocks and shares. The tabloid is half the size and has a target audience of young people fewer than 30 that like hearing about gossip and news on celebrities.
The broadsheet is to keep businessmen up with The Times and to let them know important information about other companies and what they are doing. The tabloids purpose is to try and influence what people think by telling them what celebrities get up to. It provides light entertainment and is quite comical in places. There are also many advertisements. The tabloid also tends to be less formal than a broadsheet and The Times has a bigger vocabulary range and a lot more long and complicated words. The Times layout is very different to that of The Daily Mirror.
It has a lot more text fewer pictures and fewer adverts. The Times also has a lot more pages and contains a lot more information. It is priced at 45p that is dearer to a tabloid like The Daily Mirror that is priced at 20p. The Daily Mirror has a lot more pictures and has less writing and it has more adverts. The Times goes into more depth than The Daily Mirror in its stories and in its news. To me The Times seems more factual and less biased because The Daily Mirror makes me feel like it is telling me the facts in a way that it wants me to form an opinion. It is more biased and opinionated than The Times.
So to a certain degree The Daily Mirror influences the way I feel about certain subjects. I prefer The Times because it just gives you the facts and let you make your own opinion. A Comparison of TV and Radio News Now day the TV has a bigger audience than the radio. The target audience is less specific and they both can attract every sort of person. The radio might be ideal for the person travelling in their car.
The TV might attract house wives because of its times in the day it is watched by many people when they get home from work because there is news on at many different times in the evening e. . 6pm and10pm. The purpose for both is quite similar they are both formal and deliver the very latest news they have. TV and radio start with the most important news that affects everyone the covers topics about sport and celebrities. The language is formal for both and is given by seemingly well-educated people who are smartly dressed. The TV has graphics, music as well as clips of the incident or story and images from the scene where it happened and pictures of the people involved. The radio has a bit of music, but only at the start.
It then goes straight into the reading of the news and all you can hear is the reader’s voice. The TV broadcast has a lot more interviews and has film footage for most of the stories. The radio however has only the occasional interview. I would say they both tend to be factual and look at each side of the story. Only occasionally will there be a bit of bias. When you have a visual aid to what is being said it can make you feel differently about the story than if you just heard the reader on the radio with no image.
Images can sometimes be more powerful and effective than words and change the way you feel on a subject or matter. For example, if you heard a story about asylum seekers were being left to live in poor conditions you might not think too much about it, but if you saw the terrible conditions that they were living in like having little food and poor sleeping conditions you might feel more sympathetic about the situation. Summary We can see by examining all these types of news media that different areas of the news attract different people.
The main purpose for all news is to convey the latest information on anything in the country or world. The news can be biased at times and the papers especially can try and get their thoughts across and influence the reader’s opinion on any matter. We shouldn’t always believe everything we hear in the paper because the truth can be stretched to suit them. Mainly the news media does cover at least the basic facts and is very useful to everybody because it tells us what is happening whether it is global or local. We sometimes need to know the news so we can prepare for any up coming events.