Strategic Planning of IS/IT

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This paper will discuss the relevance of strategic resource and information management in the context of strategic planning of information system and information technology. It will pay attention on the concept of core competences particularly and distinctive capabilities. Moreover, the difficulties will be revealed when the above concepts are introduced into an organisation’s IM strategy.

In the 80’s and 90’s, information has emerged as an agent of integration and the enabler of new competitiveness for today’s enterprise in the global marketplace. It has been a growing realization of the need to make information systems strategically important. Consequently, strategic planning of information system and information technology (IS/IT) has been identified as the crucial issue of information management.

Planning for information systems, as for any other system, begins with identification of needs. In order to be effective, development of any IS should be a response to need. Under the circumstance of today’s competition, such planning for IS/IT is required to be long term oriented and serve as the framework for determining the product/market combination of a corporation, and therefore, becoming strategic. In the formulation of such a strategy, many approaches are introduced.

In this paper, resource-based approach, the perspective one that emphasizes on content (on the other hand, descriptive is where process is prime), is going to be discussed. The plan for this paper is fourfold: first, to describe a proper definition of strategic planning of IS/IT and set it as the context of this paper; second, to review the resource-based perspective; third, to discuss the difficulties when this approach is introduced into information management and to offer some advice to tackle these problems, and finally, to draw a conclusion.

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