Standard Formations In Volleyball

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There are three standard formations that are generally observed in the game of Volleyball. These formation patterns are ‘5-1’, ‘4-2’ and ‘6-2’. These formation patterns are actually indicative of the number of the hitters and setters respectively. The formation pattern that is used in most of the beginner games of Volleyball is ‘4-2’. However, in case of the high-level play, the formation pattern that is typically seen to exist is ‘5-1’.

In case of ‘4-2’ formation, the number of hitters is four while the number of setters is only 2. The position that is generally occupied by the setters is from the middle front or it can be described as the right front position. Thus, in such a formation pattern, the first two rows will be generally comprised of the attackers at all given times. The lining up of the setters is in the manner such that they are opposite to each other in their rotational movement. There are two outside hitters in the typical lineup pattern. The positions are aligned in a manner such that the like positions are opposite to themselves and thus one of each of the positions will always be in the front and the back row. Once the service has been ensured, then the players who are otherwise in the front row are now required to take the different positions that have been assigned to them.

Thus, in this kind of formation pattern, the position of the setter is always in the middle front. The other position that may be however occupied by the setter in this formation pattern is on the right front. The setter always has a middle as well as an outside attacker. Since, there is a lack of an outside hitter, therefore this becomes the prime disadvantage in this case. Another disadvantage that exists for this particular formation pattern which is offensive in nature is that there are only two attackers in this case and therefore the team has a limited offensive approach in this case.

The other type of formation pattern is ‘6-2’. In this type of formation pattern, one of the players is designated to come in the forward direction that is from the back row to the set. In the attacking positions are the three different front row players. Thus, in this type of formation pattern, there are six different players who are primarily functioning as the prime hitters. There are two players who perform the function of setters. This formation pattern is similar to the ‘4-2’ formation pattern itself. However, the only difference is that the penetration to set is generally ensured by the back-row setter.

There are generally two setters required in the 6-2 lineup. The placement of these two setters is generally opposite to each other. In this pattern, there is a line up with two middle hitters also. Additionally, there is a presence of two outside hitters also. The prime advantage of this type of formation pattern is that at any given point of time the offensive possibilities are maximized because of the presence of three hitters in the front row.

In yet another type of formation pattern that is ‘5-1’, there is only player present. This player sets the various responsibilities and this is generally regardless of the position that the player has in the rotation. There are three attackers in the front row in this type of formation pattern. This formation pattern can be called as a mix of the first two patterns.

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