Scoring Extras In Cricket
In the game of cricket, it is possible for the batting team to score additional runs. These additional runs are given the name of ‘extras’. These runs are possible to be scored because of some of the errors that may be committed by the fielding side. These extras are known by the name of ‘Sundries’ in Australia.
There are four ways which make it is possible for the batting team to score these extras. These four ways include ‘No Ball’, ‘Wide Ball’, ‘Bye’ and ‘Leg Bye’. ‘No Ball’ may be described as the situation where the bowler, a member of the fielding team breaks one of the rules of bowling. This could be because of his arm action that is inappropriate or when he oversteps the popping crease or while bowling, one of his steps was outside the return crease.
In any of these circumstances, the bowler has to pay a penalty of one extra. Not only this, another way in which the batting team gets benefited is that the bowler has to re-bowl the ball. In case of a limited overs cricket match, if the setting of the bowling team is such that it fails to comply with the restrictions, then a no ball is called. However, a free hit rule has been introduced in shorter formats of this game such as one day international and 20-20. According to this rule, the batsman will be benefited by having a free hit and he will also not loose his wicket except in the situation when he is actually run out.
The second type of extra can be earned by the batting team through a ‘Wide ball’. It is defined as the situation where in the penalty of one extra is agreed by the bowler if his bowling has been done in a manner where the ball is completely out of the reach of the batsman. Similar to a no-ball, a wide ball is also supposed to be re-bowled rendering another benefit for the batting team.
The third instance where an extra can be earned by the batting team is a ‘Bye’. In such a circumstance, the ball is missed by the batsman but it also passes off the wicketkeeper. Thus, the batsmen get the time to run between the wickets and score a run or two. Thus, a good wicketkeeper is regarded as a player who can restrict the byes to a minimum possible number in a given innings.
The forth and the last way to score an extra is through a ‘Leg Bye’. In this situation, the body of the batsman actually hits the ball and not his bat. This happens when the batsman is making an attempt to play a legitimate shot. Such a shot goes away from the fielders and the batsmen run between the wickets to score a run or two.
The bowling team always pays a greater penalty in case of a no-ball or a wide ball because in this case, the batting team also gets an extra ball in addition to earning an extra. Thus, there is an opportunity available with the batting team to earn more number of runs with this extra ball.