Personal Exercise Programme for a participant playing point guard in Basketball
Point guard is one of the standard positions in a regulation basketball game. The point guard is normally the smallest player on the team and has perhaps the most specialized role of any position. Essentially, the point guard is expected to run the team’s offense by controlling the ball and making sure that it gets to the right players at the right time. After an opponent scores, it is typically the point guard who brings the ball down court to begin an offensive play. For this reason, passing skills and court vision are essential; great point guards are often evaluated more on their assist totals than on their scoring. Still, a first-rate point guard should also have a reasonably effective jump shot and should be a scoring threat from long distance.
A true point guard’s job is to create instances that lead to a field goal for his team; this includes passing, but also running the offense: setting up plays on the court, getting the ball to the teammate that he feels is in the best position to score, and also dictating the tempo of the game. Therefore the most important skills needed to be successful at this particular position are:
> Passing (awareness is key for this)
> Speed (on offense and on defense)
> Mid-range jumpshot – long-range jumpshot – lay-ups
It is important to note that these are the most important skills needed to be successful at point guard. To be successful at other positions you will need other skills.
Passing – An important skill for any basketball player is passing the ball accurately, especially for a point guard who is the main distributor of the ball. There are many different types of passes that can be used in basketball; probably the most commonly heard and definitely the most fundamental is a two handed chest pass. This involves transferring your weight onto your front foot and stepping into the pass in order to get plenty of power behind the ball. The ball should be raised to your chest, holding the ball with two hands and your thumbs should be either touching or close to touching to get maximum accuracy. Upon releasing the ball you should be aiming at your teammates chest (hence a chest pass). This is often referred to as ‘on the numbers’ as you can aim for the number on your teammates jersey. Another well known pass is the bounce pass.
Once again you should be aiming for your teammates chest (or maybe slightly lower). To perform this pass you will need to throw the ball down to the ground about three-quarters to where your teammate is positioned. You have to generate a lot of power in your throw otherwise the ball may not bounce quite high enough. Another effective pass in basketball is thrown in the direction the player is moving, just ahead of them so they can run onto the ball and it has less chance of being intercepted by their opposite number. Timing and awareness are critical to being a good passer as there are nine other players on the court. You must look up to pass from dribbling but you must not telegraph the pass otherwise it will be intercepted. Read why my hobby is playing football
Dribbling- There are two ways to move the basketball. The preferred and quicker method is the pass. However, if the defense is tight and the passing lanes clogged, the dribble is used to set up the offense. Since the dribble can only begin and stop one time it is in a player’s possession, you should try not to stop unless you are to shoot or pass.
The dribble, along with the pass and the shot is one of the offensive triple threats every player must have in his arsenal. Use the dribble to:
1. Move the ball on offense.
2. Blow past your man to the hoop.
3. Escape from a tough and sticky defense.
5. Move around a screen and get off your shot behind it.
6. Get a better passing angle.
7. Freeze the ball in the closing minutes.
As a point guard, you may often have to dribble the ball in pressured situations and at high speeds. The aim when dribbling is to keep the ball as low as possible (as long as you can remain balanced comfortably) in order to make it as difficult as possible for your opponent to steal the ball.
Shooting – As a point guard, it is not your main priority to score the basketball, however being able to shoot the mid range and long range jumpshots can help you defeat your opponents. Combining good shooting with speed, dribbling and passing will enable you to have many different skills that you can use when faced with a one on one against a defender during a game.
There are several fundamentals in shooting that will increase the chances of being successful. If mastered, the player has a great opportunity to reach their potential and enjoy the game more. The key skills needed to be a good shooter are:
> Looking at the basket
> Arching the shot
> Holding the ball correctly
> Timing the release of your shot
Guarding- The aim of defending in basketball is to gain possession from your opponent, deflect shots and passes and to make it as difficult as possible for you opponent to score. There are loads of different defending techniques as in basketball you may not always go man for man with the other team so defensive strategies vary. However, when guarding at all times you must stay in front of your man. The ideal position is with your knees bent and your back almost straight as if you are sat down. You should also have your hands spread so that you are ready to steal the ball or deflect an outgoing or incoming pass. Depending on your opponents skill level and type/moment of the game will determine how far you stand from the player you are guarding.