Organelles!!

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Cell Wall
Outside of a plant cell that supports and protects it

Vacuole
Stores material such as water, salts, proteins and carbs

Chloroplast
captures energy from the sun and converts it to chemical energy (food) in a process called photosynthesis


Nucleus
Brain of the cell, contains all the cell’s DNA with coded instructions for making proteins and other molecules

Flagella
Whip-like organelle used for movement

Cilia
Tiny hair-like structures used for movement

Pseudopod
Extensions of the cytoplasm used to move single celled organisms

Lysosomes
Organelle filled enzymes. Breaks down lipids, carbs, and proteins. Remove `junk` from cells and old organelles

Chromosomes
Threadlike structures that contain the genetic information that is passed from one generation of cells to another. Coiled up DNA, contain genetic information

Ribosomes
Particles of RNA and protein that produce proteins with instructions from the nucleus

Mitochondria
Converts chemical energy (food) stored in food to a more usable form of energy (POWERHOUSE)

Cell Membrane
Regulates what enters and leaves a cell

Nucleolus
Dense region of the nucleus where ribosomes are made

Cytoplasm
Water based jelly-like substance outside the nucleus

Endoplasmic Reticulum
The site of assembly and production of proteins, lipids, and other materials

Golgi Apparatus
Modify, sort and package proteins and other material for storage or secretion

Centrioles
Organizes cell division located near the nucleus

Vesicles
Membrane bound sac that transports proteins and other materials from the Golgi Apparatus to other parts of the cell

Prokaryotic Cell
Cell with NO nucleus, very simple, been around for millions of years. Example: Bacteria

Eukaryotic Cell
Cell with NUCLEUS, membrane-bound organelles, very complex. Examples: Plant cells, animal cells, fungi
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