Jan Davidsz De Heem
Jan Davidsz De Heem Was Dutch still-life painter. He was born at Utrecht and his rare early pictures are in the style of Balthasar van der Ast, who taught him there. Later he worked in Leiden and showed that he had studied the restrained and simple works of the Haarlem still-life artists Claesz. and Heda. In 1636 he moved to Antwerp, became a citizen of that city in 1637, and spent most of his very productive life there.
The paintings he did in Flanders are the ones for which he is most renowned and are very different in spirit from his earlier works: splendid flower pieces and large compositions of exquisitely laid tables which breathe all the opulent exuberance of Flemish Baroque painting. His work formed a link between the Dutch and Flemish still-life traditions and he is claimed by both schools. He came from a large family of painters and his many followers in Flanders and Holland included his son Cornelis (1631-95).
Paul Cezanne Paul Cezanne was born on 19th January 1839 in Aix-en-Provence, France. He is often credited with forming the bridge between the dominant style of painting in that late 19th century (Impressionism) and the trend towards Cubism in the early 20th century. Cezanne was born into a wealthy family. His father was a founding member of a successful banking firm, and Paul Cezanne never had to worry about money. He moved to Paris in 1861. In Paris, Cezanne met Camille Pissarro (an Impressionist painter).
They formed a strong friendship and worked together on some pieces of artwork. Cezanne wanted to represent real life in simple forms. He explored using ‘geometric simplification’ and his work inspired Picasso and Matisse. They referred to Cezanne as ‘the father of us all’. Paul Cezanne died of pneumonia on 22nd October 1906. An exhibition of his work in Paris in 1907, the year after Cezanne’s death, exposed a new generation of artists to his work and techniques. Cezanne was a Roman Catholic and religious images often appeared in his early work.
Cezanne painted a range of different subjects during his career, including: landscapes, still life and portraits. Cezanne painted slowly believing that he needed to truly observe and understand his subject matter before he could capture the moment with a brushstroke. His portraits might take him over 100 working sessions to complete. Giorgio Morandi Born July 20, 1890, Bologna, Italydied June 18, 1964, Bologna) Italian painter and etcher. He first exhibited his paintings with the Futurists and was closely associated with the Metaphysical painters, but he is identified with neither school.
He repeatedly returned to the subject matter of simple, geometric still lifes of bottles, jars, and boxes; by returning to the same subject matter, he was able to move past content to an exploration of pure form (i. e. , line, colour, shape). His contemplative approach gave his landscapes and still lifes a delicacy of tone and subtlety of design. As instructor of etching at Bologna’s Academy of Fine Arts , he had a profound influence on Italian graphic artists.