History is the science whose business is to study events not accessible to our observations, and to study these events inferentially (Philippine Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences 1993). History is not merely the records of past events: it is the record of what one’s age find worthy of note in another. History as a narrative (which of written, visual, oral or a combination of all these) about past events that has a meaning to a certain group of people in a given time and place (Ambeth Ocampo). History is the study of human achievement.
The past is intelligent to us only in the light of the present and the present can be fully understood in the light of the past (Carr 1972). The word History is taken from the Greek word historian, which means learning by investigation or inquiry. History traces the progress and development of man’s civilization from the ancient to the modern, largely based on written records. The Greeks were the first to view history with an acquiring mind. Herodotus “the Father of History” introduced a colorful and descriptive way of writing events.
History can also be defined as the continuous intersection between the historians and his facts and unending dialogue between the past and the present. History is not just a narrative but it must also have a meaning on it. If one finds meaning in history it will gain power in changing people’s life (Ambeth Ocampo 2001). Thucydides, set the model of writing history, he analyzed and verified the facts. Being an Historian is not that easy. A historian is like a detective, a historian must have a remarkable ability to find clues from the data gathering, in the quest of truth.
Historian must seek out people who will help him obtain specific information. Historians deal with the scarcity of data and facts. In history there are a lot of branches and people who will help a historian to do their work, like an archeologist he will give you clues on the remains of ancient civilizations. An anthropologist will also help the historians to give a background on the cultural history of ancient people. History provides us with a frame of reference that enables us to recognize dangers to our society, both from within and externally, and it provides guidance on how to deal with those dangers when they arise.
History gives us knowledge of the past so we can fully understand the present and prepare for the future. History provides valuable lesson of the past, which will help us in our action. Some students believe that the study of history is just a test of memory. While some students ask if what is the importance in studying the history, especially the study of Philippine History. History is often classified as one of the social science along with such fields as economics, psychology and sociology.
History includes the study of all aspects of human past human. Social and cultural conditions as well as political and economic event. In studying history simple understanding make it better on how others seek to draw lessons from those actions and thoughts as guide for decisions and policies. History out of all that has happened since the beginning of human history, what has been recorded or written about by historians is of course, only a very small portion of history is important. It tells us what we have been and what we may hope to be.
It tell us great story of the men and women who have our world what it is today. History is the study of important recorded events that took place ever different period of time. It deals with the study of the contributions and experiences of man even before the system of writing was invented. History is an extremely important field of study as it recounts the origin of Earth, man and civilization, including the changes that took place over a long period of a time. The measure of an educated Filipino depends upon his native culture.
It is their imperative that preservation of culture must internalize in education along with the concept of rightful Filipino values regarding obligations and duties. History is being regarded as his – story, his represent the mankind. And story has something to do with what had happened. In the Greek term for history is “historia”, which stands for the knowledge acquired through investigation. History however is the study of the past. Philippine history believes that it started in the coming of the Spaniards.
The history of the Philippines will bring out your love for the country. We cannot fully understand the society in the Philippines if we don’t have any glimpse in the history of the Philippines. The Philippines was controlled by foreign colonizers for almost 400 years. History can tell us that during the colonization period Filipinos were not taught their own history but rather were taught the history of colonizers while they were in our country. History will always be a relevant subject regardless of what course a student takes up.
As a new breed of historians, teachers of history must not only be limited to questions of who, what, were and when. Teaching history should go beyond dates, persons, places etc. Teaching the HOW’s and the WHY’s of history would train the student show to think critically. Furthermore, teaching history through contextualization would develop in students a deep sense of understanding of their origins and would develop in them active participation, not only in classroom discussion, but also in performing their role as citizens of our country. Apparently, Filipinos are suffering from national amnesia.
Colonial mentality is deeply rooted in those who are not proud of being a Filipino and in those who look at anything foreign as best. Thus, colonial mentality destroys our national identity. Therefore, teaching Philippine history subjects is a must and must be strengthened especially by the academe, so that we can produce a new breed of Filipinos who have a strong sense of nationalism in their hearts and minds. As a result, whatever the mistakes in the past are, the present generation may not repeat it and the future generation would be freed from the bondage of tyranny and slavery.
Learning Philippine history is still and will always be relevant. The study of history is to remember that history does not repeat itself. We repeat history (Ocampo 2001). Thus, to avoid repeating the same mistake and errors in the past that plague the nation, it is imperative that young people. Specially students, who are future leaders of this country, must study the history and learn from its lesson.
There is a drastic fall in the enrolment of secondary school students in Philippine History, approximately the opinion that everyone; especially hose who are concerned with Philippine History, ought to reflect on factors operating among students. The interest of students now a day’s sin regards of studying Philippine History is much lower than before. I often observe pupils and students don’t even know what is the importance of celebrating events like the Independence Day. They just know that it’s a holiday. In studying history specifically the Philippine History we are memorizing the names and dates of a certain period or person.
We often object in memorizing it because for us it doesn’t matter but we forget that it is the life of our ancestors. In this book, you will have acquired a better understanding of events and issues that are happening today. This study will help you provide with sufficient Philippine historical background on different culture to help you with challenges of a moving world. Studying Philippine History when you are still on your first year in high school can help you when you will reach the college because in college you will have a subject on Philippine History.
January 9, 2018
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