Laws have been created and changed through the course of the years. There are particular laws that are created to provide employers and employee’s protection in the workplace. Equal Employment Opportunity Act of 1972, Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 and Fair Credit Reporting Act are such laws. The economic changes have made retaining jobs difficult for workers. Globalization and technology has impacted organizations and now the expectations are to provide employment based on persons skills.
Equal Employment Opportunity Act of 1972 Equal Employment Act of 1972 is and amended title of the Civil Rights of 1964. “Title VII prohibits discrimination in hiring, compensation, terms, conditions, or privileges of employment based on race, religion, color, sex, or national origin” (DeCenzo & Robbins, 2007 ). This law protects workers from being discriminated against in the workplace based on categorization. This law extends further than just within and organization or company “state and local governments” and “educational institutions” (DeCenzo & Robbins, 2007).
Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 Family and Medical Leave act of 1993 provides employers with the ability to take a limited of time off for medical reasons. It “permits employees in organizations of 50 or more workers to take up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave for family or medical reasons each year” ( DeCenzo & Robbins, 2007). The law provides the employees with the ability to take care for other or themselves without losing their job. The organization or company is required to provide the employee with the same or equal position at time of return. In order to be eligible employee must have worked for the company 12 months. “If however, an organization can show that it will suffer significant economic damage by having a “key” employee out on FMLA leave, the organization may deny the leave” (DeCenzo & Robbins, 2007).
Fair Credit Reporting Act Fair Credit Reporting Act “requires an employer to notify job candidates of its intent to check into their credit” (DeCenzo & Robbins, 2007). Organizations are changing their steps taken to complete a background check. Many organizations include a credit check in order to compile “character, general reputation” of applicant. The credit check can be performed by either a third party agency or by the organization itself in which applicant needs to be notified. Organizations such as Law enforcement process a credit check in order to learn about the applicants attributes.