History and Memory

Ones emotional journey through an experience from a past historical event often shapes individuals into how they are in the future. The emotional impact of these events can be representing and recorded in various ways, such as within the Smithsonian website various pages highlight and allow for individual reflection of the 9/11 tragedy through the use of cleverly constructed layout, text tone etc. These techniques allows for public memory and perceptions of the event to be expressed in a formal but inclusive way allowing for theme of a memorial and patriotism to remain significant.

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In contrast the video of Sonia Schreiber Weitz uses setting, tone and speech to create the image and emotions experience by the event of the holocaust. Memory of ones past event can be expressed in various ways to highlight the emotions of that time, Sonia Schreiber Weitz does this in the video of her reciting a poem with a formal factual introduction. The use of the factual introduction in contrast to her poem creates a holistic and reliable recount of the past as it portrays statistical evidence as well as an emotional recount.

Out of a family of 84 only my sister Blanca and I survived” providing to the reader both the statistics and emotional impact on the event with the deaths of her family, juxtapose in numbers “84” The video is presented in a simple setting allowing the audience to focus on her tone as well as the actual words spoken. The Simplicity of the setting leads the audience to emotionally reflect on the experience of the historical event as well as the imagery created by Sonia of her.

The Speaker uses emotive language such as “Darkness” and “unspeakable horror” to depict to the audience the emotions of the moment in history to further allow for understanding of and reflection. The use of rhetorical questions allows for audiences to question themselves with memory of event and the emotions but can also be used to create an inclusive atmosphere. Sonia Schreiber Weitz, as well as pages within the Smithsonian website use rhetorical questions to engage readers to question themselves and emotions of what is being presented.

Sonia’s poem Icicles concludes with a rhetorical question of “Does anyone know I am here? Does anyone care? “Emphasizing the emotional strain and overall themes of unknowing, uncertainty, fear, loss and alone. Contrasting within the Smithsonian website and their use of rhetorical questions creating the theme of unity and inclusiveness amongst affected people by the 9/11 attack. “what does September 11 mean to you? the use of inclusive language is a reoccurring language technique throughout the website “we invite you” as the creator displayed the page to encourage the themes of selflessness, memorial, duty, loyalty and patriotism for ones country but also indicating that this is also a universal effect by allowing individuals to create blogs and comment of their own personal experience and memory of the event. The Layout of the homepage is strategically designed to create a reading path but as well as allow for the reader to create there own emotional journey through the website.

The structure of the text and pictures are very formally displayed through the used of spaces and limited colour, highlighting the formality and continue the theme of commemoration of the event and respectfully creating a serious tone. This is juxtaposed by the content of the text as it contains colloquial language of a personal accounts and reflection from the use of blogs, this is seen on the homepage uses informal rhetorical questions and inclusive language “How did it affect your life? ” to further feature the themes.

This Is also seen on a link page “A story told by pixels” the text also incorpates colloquial language with “How did September 11 change your life? ” The site also incorporates emotive language to emphasis the tragedy “ that fateful day”.. ”Tragedy and horror”, engaging the audience to understand the emotions individuals who experienced the event. “one day profoundly change the history of the untied states” The use of emotivate powerful language influences the audience and is resitated throughout the whole website such as on the Story told by pixels page David Allison states “Intensity of that horrific day”

Personal Reflection and factual information together in contrast create a holistic representation of history and memory to further emphasis emotions as well as statistical information, this emphasizing the important of events and how various interpretations can create a universal image ad understanding, the use of dates “August 11, 2001” and “September 11, 2001” seen as a side link to a blog on the homepage, creates a specific period in time that will remain the same that universally can be recognized. It also gives individuals credibility.

Names have similar effects “NY, The pentagon.. Shanksville – PA” as well as in the page Story in Pixels, Captions beneath photos “ Shanksville, PA by Tim Shaffer” portrays reliability. Images are seen on both the homepage as well as the link titled A Story told in Pixels. Images of places destroyed and artifacts create a powerful recollection of the past. The tangible images are historical events that will always link with a memory. For example the image of the destroyed flag on the homepage portrays themes of patriotism and unity and creates an emotional connection for all Americans and the world.

These themes are resonate all throughout website. Similarly seen in A Story in Pixels, images of distraction seen in both the two images on the page, Motif of burning and smoke. Both images depict people of different professions, Firefighters; workers in the forest further highlight the ideas of unity and working together during this historic periods. Sonia Schreiber Weitz uses truncated sentence to emphasis feelings in her poem “Icicles”.

Throughout the reading, she also uses dramatic pauses to further emphasis the emotions, “the wind was brutal” .. I shiver and hold out my empty fist. ” The use of repetition of the word “vivd” creates a tone to the audience to stress the torture that she will never forget and will always be so clear as well as how dramatically memory from events in a persons life will always be with them, shaping them to how they are today. Further allowing for personal reflection with the audience. Through the use of descriptive and emotive words Sonia creates an image of tragedy and horror.

For example violent words such as “ slaughter” ,“trapped” and “death trap” she describes in the introduction of her talk which later linking in with the powerful language in her poem, setting the scene of the kinds of emotions and physical place that she was in. Powerful sentences such as “or do I now belong among the dead and yet I know I am alive, I know because along my bony cheeky a tear escapes” highlight the physical and metal state that she was in and how clearl and precise it was presented, it can still be and heared in the tone of voice that she depicts to the audience.

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