HAP online flashcards

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Cancellous bonespongy bone; bone tissue with a latticework structure
Myxedemaa deficiency of thyroid homones in an adult
Epicondylea projection of a bone located above a condyle

Foramen Magnumoppening in the occipital bone of the skull through which the spinal cord passes
Hematopoiesis(Hemopoiesis)the production of blood and blood cells
Submaxillarybelow the maxilla
Suturean immovable joint, such as that between flat bones of the skull
Epiphysisthe end of a long bone
Trabeculabranching bony plate that separates irregular spaces within the spongy bone
Fracturea break in a bone
Osteocytea mature bone cell
Growth hormone(GH or Somatotropin)a hormone released by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland that promotes the groth of the organism
Upper limbthe superior appendage consisting of the arm, forearm, wrist, and hand
Phalanx (Phalanges)a bone of a finger or toe
Calcificationdeposition of calcium salts in a tissue
Trochantera broad process on a bone
Condylea rounded process of a bone, usually at the articular end
Spongy bone(cancellous bone)bone that consists of bars and plates separated by irregular spaces
Periosteumcovering of fibrous connective tissue on the surface of a bone
Osteoblasta bone-forming cell
Red marrowblood cell-forming tissue in spaces within bones
Osteoclasta cell that erodes bone
Tuberosityan elevation or protuberance on a bone
Endochondral bonebone that begins as hyaline cartilage that is subsequently replaced by bone tissue
Lower limbinferior appendage consisting of the thigh, leg, ankle, and foot
Densitometeran instrument used to measure the density of bone tissue
Marrowconnective tissue that occupies the spaces within bones and includes stem cells
Fontanelmembranous region between certain cranial bones in the skull of a fetus or infant
Faceta small, flattened surface of a bone
Levera simple mechanical device consisting of a rod, fulcrum, weight, and a source of energy that is applied to some point on the rod
Parietalpertaining to the wall of an organ or cavity
Axial Skeletonportion of the skeleton that supports and protects the organs of the head, neck, and trunk
Coxalpertaining to the hip
Yellow Marrowfat storage tissue found in the cavities within certain bones
Fossaa depression in a bone or other part
Hemoglobinpigment of red blood cells responsible for the transport of oxygen
Kyphosisan abnormally increased conved curvature in teh thoracic portion of the vertebral column
Pelvic Girdleportion of the skeleton to which the legs are attached
Articular Cartilagehyaline cartilage that covers the ends of bones in synovial joints
Carpalsbones of the wrist
Meatusa passageway or channel; the external opening of such a passageway
Ossificationthe formation of bone tissue
Tubercylea small, rounded process on a bone
Trochelaa pulley-shaped structure
Volkmanns Canala transverse channel that connects haversian canals within compact bone
Diaphysisthe shaft of a long bone
Carpusthe wrist;the wrist bones as a group
Osteoporosisa condition in which bones breakeasily because calcium is removed faster than it is replaced
Macroscopiclarge enough ot be seen with the unaided eye
Metatarsalsbones of the foot between the ankle and the toe bones
Occipitalpertaining to the lower, back portion of the head
Epiphyseal diskcartilaginous layer within the epiphysis of a long bone that grows
Endostenumtissue lining the medullary cavity within the bone
Foramenan opening, usually in a bone or membrane
Foramen Magnumopening in the occipital bone of the skull through which the spinal cord passes
Compact bonedense tissue in which cells are arranged in haversian systems with no apparent spaces
Intervertebral diska layer of fibrocartilage located between the bodies of adjacent vertebrae
Medullary cavitycavity within the diaphysis of a long bone containing marrow
Cresta ridgelike projection of a boneq
Metacarpalsbones of the hand between the wrist and finger bones
Polydactylyextra fingers or toes
Sacralpertaining to the five fused vertebrae at the distal end of the spinal column
Lordosisan abnormally increased concave curvature in the Lumbar portion of the veretbral column
Sesamoid bonea round bone in the tendons adjacent to joints
Ilicumone of the bones of a coxal bone or hipbone
Squamousflat or platelike
Foveaa tiny pit or depression
Resorptiondecomposition of a structure as a result of physiological activity
Pelvisbony ring formed by the sacrum and coxal bones
Moldingchanging in shape of the fetal skull during birth
Scoliosisabnormal lateral curvature of the vertebral column
Submaxillarybelow the maxilla
Intramembranous bonebone that forms from membranelike layers of primitive connective tissue
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