Government Supreme Court
Article IIIWhich article established the judicial branch?
Article IIWhich article established the executive branch?
Article IWhich article established the legislative branch?
Judiciary Act of 1789helped create the Supreme Court. It organized the Supreme Court, the federal circuit courts and the federal district courts, established the Office of the Attorney General, and reserved the presidents right to nominate justices for appointment to the United States Supreme Court with the advice and consent of the Senate
Chief JusticeThe “main” justice is called the?
Associate JusticesEvery other justice besides the Chief are called?
Chief Justice John MarshallWho was it that asserted the power of the Judicial branch?
John RobertsWho is our current Chief Justice?
Marshall asserted the courts power of judicial reviewWhy is Marbury v Madison an important case for the power of the Judicial branch?
CongressWho determines the # of Justices?
Supreme Court order for a lower court to send it the records of a case so it can be reviewed. 7000What are writs of certiorari and about how many do the Justices get each year?
First Monday in October to JuneWhen does the Supreme Courts term begin and when does it usually end?
150How many cases of national import do the Justices usually decide each year?
appellate jurisdictionCongress CAN control this type of jurisdiction of the Supreme Court
original jurisdictionCongress CANNOT control this type of jurisdiction of the Supreme Court
SupremeWhich court/*Supreme or lower–has original jurisdiction on cases involving foreign diplomats or a state?
Constitution, acts of Congress, treatiesThe Supreme Court has final authority in cases involving what 3 things (SUBJECT MATTER, not parties involved)?
falseTrue or false: The Constitution gives the Supreme Court the power of judicial review.
discuss listLaw clerks for the Supreme Court help decide which cases get on this list
4How many votes does a case need to be heard by the Supreme Court? (The Rule of ___)?
amicus curiaeFriend of the court. A brief filed with the court by a person or group who is not directly involved in the legal action but who has views on the matter
stare decisisDoctrine that previous Court Decision should be allowed to stand (precedence)
majority, concurring, dissentingWhat are the three different types of Supreme Court decisions?
concurring opinionA statement from one or more Supreme Court justices agreeing with a decision in a case, but giving an alternative explanation for it
dissenting opinionA statement from one or more Supreme Court justices explaining why they disagree with a decision in a case
majority opinionThe document announcing and usually explaining the Supreme Courts decision in a case
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