Food Safety Bulletin
In the past week, there have been approximately 30 patients with symptoms of salmonella. Local physician Dr. Donald Kruglet said “ Among the 30 patients only five were hospitalized, 3 elderly males, 1 elderly female, and 1 one child age 6” all other patient were treated and released. The reason for the hospitalization was because of dehydration and low immune system. Department of Public Health and Environment are recalling eggs purchased at the following stores, Safeway, Edwards Market, and Wal-Mart.
All local markets are informing customers who purchased eggs from their facility may have infected egg products (The Denver Post, 2010). Anyone who has bought eggs can return the uneaten portion to the store for a full refund, the health department stated (The Denver Post, 2010). To make local residents more comfortable with the outbreak the Miller Times will present basic information to bring awareness to the infection.
What is Salmonellosis? Color-Enhanced scanning election Micrograph showing salmonella (red) invading cultured human cell The Daily Beast, 2010) Salmonellosis is an infection from bacteria call Salmonella. Salmonella can develop diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps. The illness usually only lasts between four to seven days, and most people recover without any medical treatment (CDC, 2010). Some cases of Salmonella diarrhea may be so severe that a person must seek medical attention. In those cases, the infection could spread from the intestines to the bloodstream and to other parts of the body and could cause death if not treated immediately with antibiotics (CDC, 2010).
The more severe illnesses occur with elderly, infants, and those who have week immune systems. Every year, there are approximately 40,000 cases in the United states every year. Young children, the elderly, and those with weak immune systems are the most to have severe cases (CDC, 2010). The outbreak occurs during the months of May through July (ABC news, 2010). How do people get salmonella. Salmonella traces are in the intestinal track of humans and some animals. Transition is by eating foods contaminated with animal feces.
The contaminated foods usually look and smell the same. The infection is transferred from an individual who already has the infection and does not wash hands while preparing foods (CDC, 2010). It is known that salmonella can be transported from reptiles such as snakes, lizards, and turtles. If an individual has one of these reptiles as pets, ensure to wash hands with soap and water after handling one. How to diagnose and treat? Many illnesses can cause diarrhea, fever, and abdominal pains (CDC, 2010). If someone has, any of these prolonged issues should seek medical attention.
The medical staff will take tests to diagnose the problem, and if the diagnosis is salmonella, the staff will find by analyzing a stool sample (CDC, 2010). Salmonella infections usually last five through seven days and often do not need medical attention. Usually just requires the individual to consume oral fluids to keep hydrated. Individuals with the most severe cases may need to seek medical treatment for intravenous fluids, antibiotics, and more medications to treat illness (CDC, 2010). Some salmonella bacteria have become resistant to antibiotics, due to the antibiotics to promote growth of food animals.
Quick tips for prevention. Some of the most basic tips to prevent salmonella are basic but could help individuals stay safe. If he or she is cooking poultry, beef, eggs ensure they are cooked thoroughly, and do not drink liquids containing raw eggs or raw (pasteurized) milk (CDC, 2010). If a person receives undercooked meat, poultry or eggs in a restaurant, send it back to the kitchen for further cooking. An individual must ensure to wash hands, kitchen workspaces, and utensils with soap and water if encountered raw meats or poultry.
Be particularly careful when preparing meals for infants, elderly, and those with low immune systems. Ensure not to cross contaminate foods, uncooked meats are separate from produce, cooked foods, and ready to eat foods (CDC, 2010). Keep in mind; if an individual diagnosed with, salmonella he or she should not prepare meals not to contaminate others. What the government is doing? The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) monitors salmonella infections in the country and assists health departments with outbreaks and control measures (CDC, 2010).
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is inspecting food transported into the United States to ensure no contamination upon arrival (CDC, 2010). The FDA is also promoting a better food preparation in restaurants and processing plants. The US Department of Agriculture is monitoring the health of food animals, dairy farms, and meat processing plants to ensure they are processing correctly (CDC, 2010). The US Environmental Agency monitors and regulates the drinking water supply to ensure it is processed correctly.
The Miller Times wants to thank its readers for taking the time to read the following newsletter. Our staff wants to ensure that the readers are well informed concerning the recent outbreak of salmonella in our town. We hope that all individuals now know what salmonella is, how it is transmitted, how to diagnose and treat, tips and prevention, and what the government is doing to help. If anyone has further questions please contact, your local City or County Health Department they can provide more information. If someone is experiencing some of the symptoms please see your personal physician or hospital.