Figure Skating – A Sport Involving Challenging Moves
Figure Skating can be described as one of the Olympic sports where in individuals, pairs or groups can perform, as part of this sport, different spins, foot movements, jumps, and others. There are several challenging movements that are displayed by the participants in this sport. There are several levels at which the different figure skaters compete. These levels start from a beginner, however; they may go up to various regional, national and also different international competitions. The judgment at the various competitions of figure skating is generally regulated by the International Skating Union. This sport is also one of the official events at Winter Olympic Games.
The prime well-known events of figure skating include European Figure Skating Championships, Winter Olympic Games, World Championships, World Junior Figure Skating Competitions, ISU Grand Prix, Four Continents Championships of Figure Skating, etc. Most of these competitions generally end with exhibitions wherein the top performers in these skating competitions generally give performance in front of the crowd exhibiting their skills. There are several skaters who also participate actively in the various exhibitions and shows either during or after their regular careers in figure skating.
One of the most important elements of this sport is the type of jumps involved. In these jumps, the skater will normally leap into the air and then rotate rapidly towards the land once he has completed a few rotations. There are several different types of jumps in the sport of figure skating. The difference between the various types is the manner in which the number of rotations is completed by the different skaters. A skater may perform the jumps in clockwise or a counterclockwise direction. Most of the skaters generally perform the various jumps in a counterclockwise direction.
There are primarily six types of jumps that are generally exhibited by most skaters in this sport. These include toe jumps, edge jumps, among others. The toe pick of one of the skates is tapped into the ice while launching the toe jump. The different types of toe jumps include toe loops, flips, lutzes, etc. Out of these, the toe loops are the easiest to perform while the lutzes are the most difficult to perform. There is no toe assist used as a part of the edge jumps. There are also different types of edge jumps. These include salchows, loops, axels, and others.
There are several other rotations and combinations also performed by the different skaters. Depending upon the number of rotations that are performed by the skater with respect to each of the jumps, the nature of a particular jump is determined. There are greater numbers of rotations performed by the male skaters compared to the female skaters. The jumps may be either performed singly by skaters or they may also be performed in a combination or in a particular sequence. In order for the jumps to be considered in combination, it is important that the taking off of the jump should be actually the previous jump’s landing edge. There should be no turns or steps involved as then it will not be called as a jump in combination. Thus, only toe loops which can also be performed as the second and the third jump in case of a combination jump.
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