Figurative Language Types


Hyperbole
“Exaggeration for an effect. Not to be taken literally.”
Example:”I could eat a whole cow.”

Metaphor
“A figure of speech comparing one thing to another.”
Example:”The cat was a puffball.”

Personification
“A figure of speech in which a thing, quality, or idea is represented as a person.”
Example:”The popcorn danced in the microwave.”


Idiom
“A phrase that differs from the usual usage.”
Example:”You are skating on thin ice.”

Simile
“A comparison of one thing to another, using like or as.”
Example:”The pillow was as soft as a cloud.”

Alliteration
“The repetition of a sound.”
Example:”Sister Suzie swam swiftly across swamps.”

Onomatopoeia
“The imitation of a natural sound, used as a word.”
Example:”We heard a knock knock coming from the door.”
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