Employment in the public services

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The Uniformed Services are split into two different categories, statutory and non-statutory. These services are there to protect the rights of people in this country and defend its borders. They are also put in place to save endangered lives by either fire or drowning in the sea. Statutory services are services that are paid for by the government through taxes, such as the police, fire and armed services. The law states that these services are to be set up.

The non-statutory services are voluntary or private services and are not set up by law. Services such as the Red Cross and the Royal National Lifeboat Institution are non-statutory services. The funding needed for these services come from charitable donations from the public. The armed forces consist of: the R.A.F, the Royal Navy, the Royal Marines and the Army. The emergency services consist of: the police service, the fire service and the ambulance service. Other statutory services are: the prison service, Customs and Excise, and the Coast guard. Non-statutory services consist of: the Red Cross, Scouts, RSPCA, private prison officers, school crossing patrols, private security services and Royal National Lifeboat Institution.

The Royal Army Roles of the Army The role of an organisation is what it does on a day-to-day basis. The Army has a variety of roles to perform. It is one of the three armed forces that defend our borders on the ground. The borders they defend are those of the UK and although they are prepared for battle, they try to keep the peace at all costs. The UK has allies in other countries like France, the USA etc. Therefore, if one of these countries is at war, the Army is obligated to help and, if necessary, protect their borders. The Army is currently deployed in over 80 countries around the world. Deployments vary in strength from single military advisors to full operational deployments. Recent conflicts include Afghanistan, Iraq and Northern Ireland. British forces also contribute to the presence of NATO.

The Army also delivers aid (water, food, shelter) to countries that need it, as a result of a disaster such as a flood or famine. They also an educative role by giving talks to schools and colleges and putting on displays at various events. This is mainly to encourage people to join the army. As well as this, the army holds many sporting events. Sport may be used for training purposes, including individual sports, team sports and adventure training but there is also much competitive sport and soldiers often compete at a high level, even Olympic standard in such varied events as gymnastics, shooting and bobsleigh.

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Purpose of the Army The purpose of the army is defined in the Defence Diplomacy Mission, which says it is “To provide forces to meet the varied activities undertaken by the MOD to dispel hostility, build and maintain trust and assist in the development of democratically accountable armed forces, thereby making a significant contribution to conflict prevention and resolution.” In the long run the Army have “long term” and “short term” objectives. One long-term objective is to defend the UK borders, protect the Queen and to strengthen international relationships and peace between and within countries. Not only do they defend the UK but they must also defend the UK’s interests such as, recourses like oil and other countries that need, or ask for assistance. When doing this however they must ensure that the relationship with other countries is taken into account.

These purposes are laid down by Parliament as Acts. It is because of this that the Army has a separate system of law and any soldiers committing illegal acts are disciplined under this military law as well as the English law.

Responsibilities of the Army The army’s main responsibility is to carry out its roles and purposes. They must do this with correct conduct set out by the Ministry of Defence and the Geneva Convention. The Geneva convention sets out rules and legislation for the Union to follow. The Army is also obligated to follow the principals set out by the Defence Mission. They are also responsible to train, lead and motivate new recruits They must also care for the physical and mental well being of all its recruits. The army must control and organise the distribution of its resources, weapons, vehicles as well as personnel etc. To pay for this the Army is given a budget that they are responsible to organise.

The Police Service Roles of the police There are many roles in policing. Some jobs may be outdoors, on the beat or in cars, though others may be based at the station or in the community visiting schools etc. Police officers are expected to respond effectively to any situation, e.g. at a road where there has been a traffic collision, an assault or a burglary etc. Each incident requires officers to keep records of the incident and take statements. Other roles are to investigating crimes, usually done by CID. Police may be expected to attend courts to give evidence for or against accused or victim. The police have other roles that hardly come up like terrorist attacks. Although rare, the police must be ready to respond to respond to this. In covering all these roles the police crime and the fear of crime in the general public.

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