Employee organisations and trade unions
The HR department must define the job requirements, advertise the position, sort though the applicants and choose the best candidates effectively and efficiently. However this process can be very complex, expensive and time consuming but to choose the best suitable, the HR has to gather enough information. The HR will need information for training, development and promotion of staff. Staff that need to be trained will have their records jotted somewhere as to what areas they need improvement in order to develop their required skills on the job.
Staff that is diligent and committed to their work might need appraisal and the HR department will forward the names of Tesco staff that is loyal enough to be granted promotion. This will be based on the information that the Human Resource department has at the time. Information in the Human resources will be required to update the company information system. The staff members that are paid regularly have to be forwarded by the human resources and the time they have worked in that given week. So to update the finance department, they will have to check for that particular candidate on the system.
To do the job advertisement, the HR department will have to collect information about the job role and the person specifications required for the particular job. This will help in the delivering of accurate information to the applicant. Show the different sources for which such information may be obtained Qualitative sources are primary data, they involve the use of qualitative data, such as interviews, documents, and participant observation data, to understand and explain job specifications.
Quantitative sources are the systematic scientific investigation of quantitative properties and phenomena and their relationships. Quantitative research are secondary data, this kind of data has to do with numbers and figure like accounts, but not letter or words this kind of data is that has already been gathered and this could be the number of people who are to turn up for the interview. Internal sources of information that is exchanged with-in the organsation, it is the linked between different departments such as:
The financial department who might send the Human resouces people that there is a group of people in the finance department who might need trainning. External sources of information comes from outside the company. The external information for the Human Resources department might be the applicants CV that he provides for the interview. Describe the role of management in the manipulation of data/information for a range of business purposes using a range of appropriate methods. Explain ways in which more accurate business information may be produced from raw data
Management is divided in to 3 levels that is to say strategical, tactical and operational levels. According to these divisions, each management level does different tasks more than the others for example strategic does more planning as compared to tactical and operational. They are the ones who lay everything that flows to tactical and in the operation in achieving Tesco Plc goals. These are Tesco great thinkers, Intelligent Marketers who are professionals who makes research for Tesco’s to watch its competitors, new rivals, market trend, market development, technology development, economical factors, environmental factors and political factors.
Strategic level Managers are largely concerned with long term organisational planning. Decisions tend to be unstructured and they are made infrequently. However, the decisions made at this level are likely to have a larger impact on the organisation as a whole are not easily reversed. Tactical level At the tactical level managers are largely concerned with medium-term planning. Managers monitor the performance of the organisation, control budgets, allocate resources and set policies. Decisions taken at this level are used to set medium term goals that form stages leading to the accomplishment of the organisations strategic objectives.
Operational level At the operational level managers deal with short-term planning and the day-to-day control of the organisations activities. The decisions taken at this level direct the organisations efforts towards meeting the medium term goals, abiding by the budget policies and procedures set at tactical level. Operational decisions tend to be highly structured. Role of management To manage is to forecast and plan, to organise, to command, to coordinate, to improve and to control. Planning This describes the formal procedures used in such an endeavour such as the creation of documents, diagrams or meetings to discuss the important issues to be addresses, the objectives to be met and the strategy to be followed.
Tesco is one of the many companies that give to charity and this has only been possible every year simply because of adequate planning that accommodates these activities in the budget. This summer Cancer Research UK’s race for life supported by Tesco will be at Blackheath for the 4th time and they are hoping to raise ï¿½23million. Therefore, sufficient planning for each year has made the race successful. Responding to external factors This involves the outside environment of Tesco plc that can affect th e running of Tesco. Competitors, government, customers and other stakeholders have to be considered by Tesco’s public relations so that Tesco holds a cordial relationship with the public.
The strategical managers seriously deal with outside issues because they are so sensitive to the company’s future growth. For example the Hungarian Competition Authority fined Tesco 100million forints (247,000) for publishing misleading information in the promotional pamphlet. The regulator, known as GVH said Tesco was selling digital cameras at a cut price and giving memory cards as gifts and this meant Tesco gained an unfair advantage over its rivals.
Making decisions As organisations grow in size or complexity, the importance of effective and efficient decision-making increases. The characteristics of decisions taken in Tesco vary according to the level at which they are taken. Decisions at the strategic level will have a greater impact since they make long term plans as compared to the operational whose decisions are directed towards the company’s efforts of meeting medium-term goals. The manager before making any decisions will have to have the intelligence of that particular problem that exists be aware that a decision is necessary then design possible solutions and implications of the solution. There must be a choice of the most appropriate solution that can be implemented and then the solution is evaluated according to its effectiveness.