Developmental Pyschology Study Guide

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What theoretical perspectives have guided litanies development? Denned theory and discuss the important to theories tort the field of developmental psychology. F) Be able to define what Is meant by the psychodrama perspective and which theorists are associated with this perspective. I) What are the Fraud’s three components of personality (what characterizes each component? ) and how do they Interact? What Is psychosocial development and what are his psychosocial stages and what is the issues/crisis of each stage? II) How does Erosion’s psychoanalytic theory compare to Fraud’s theory? What are the stages and what characterizes each stage?

What crisis characterizes each of Erickson psychosocial stages? Iii) What are the strengths and weakness of the psychodrama perspective? 5) Be able to define what is meant by the behavioral perspective and which theorists are associated with this perspective. G) Who is John 3. Watson and what is classical conditioning? H) Who is 8. F. Skinner and what is operant conditioning? I) Be able to define and understand the following terms: operant, reinforcement, extinguished, and behavior modification. J) Who is Albert Bandeau and what Is the social cognitive learning theory?

What is a model and hat is the importance of the model in the theory? What are the four steps in the learning process per Bandeau? K) What are the strengths and weaknesses of the behavioral perspective? 6) Be able to define what Is meant by the cognitive perspective and which theorists are associated with this perspective. L) What Is Piglet’s perspective on cognitive development? Be able to define and discuss the following terms: schemes, assimilation, and accommodation. What are the strengths and weaknesses of Piglet’s theory? ) Be able to denned what is meant by the humanistic perspective and which theorists re associated with this perspective. Be able to define the terms free will, positive regard, and self-actualization and explain how the terms relate to this perspective. What are the strengths and weaknesses of this perspective? 8) Be able to define what is meant by the contextual perspective and which theorists are associated with this perspective. M) Who is Erie Frontbencher? Be able to discuss the bacteriological approach including the five levels of the environment and what characterizes each level. How do the levels interact?

Be able to define individualism and collectivism and discuss owe these cultural aspects related to the model. What are the strengths and weaknesses of the approach? N) Who is Level Whisky and describe his calculators theory. What is meant by reciprocal transactions? What are the strengths and weakness of this theory? 9) Describe the evolutionary perspective. Describe the contributions of the following to this perspective: Charles Darwin, theology, Conrad Lorenz, behavioral genetics. What are the strengths and weakness of this perspective? 10) Which of the above six perspectives is Right? Why is this question not appropriate?

Research Methods 11) What is the scientific method and what are the three major steps of the process? O) What is a theory? P) Differentiate between correlation research and experimental research. What are the characteristics of each method? Q) What is a hypothesis and how does this relate too research study? 12) What are the important features of the correlation method? What sorts of information can be gathered from this type of study, and what are its strengths and weaknesses? r) What is a positive correlation? Negative correlation? Be able to distinguish between a weak and strong relation. ) What is a naturalistic observation? What is an important drawback to this method? T) Define and know the essential features and strengths and weaknesses of the following: ethnography, qualitative research, cases studies, survey research. 1 3) What are the essential features of the experimental method? What sorts of information can be gathered from an experimental study, and what are its strengths and weaknesses? U) What is a sample? Population? Random sample? V) What are the essential features and strengths and weaknesses of the behavior observations and the case study? ) What is the independent variable? Dependent variable? Be able to distinguish between the two. X) What is random assignment and why is this important? Y) Differential between the field study and laboratory study and what are the characteristics of each. What are the advantages and disadvantages to the cross-sectional and longitudinal designs, and how does the sequential design resolve the weaknesses of these designs? Know the essential features of each. 15) What is the importance of research ethics? B. What are the four aspects of ethical research?

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