Development of transport
How has the development of transport in the C19th contributed to the growth of Hayes? Explain your answer. During the late 18th centaury transport had improved a lot from what it used to be. Instead of big boats travelling by sea to deliver goods where they would get ruined and also stolen, thin long rivers and canals were built and they provided the people of Hayes with the quick transport of goods. The population of Hayes grew rapidly so the need for the transport of food and supplies became necessary.
Therefore the building of canals became important. Hayes had many main roads, numerous of which went in the course of Oxford and Uxbridge. The roads were mainly potholed and rutted and could not deliver goods quick and adequately as it took several days on end for a delivery. For instance the journey to Manchester from London took 4 days, think of the goods that would be ruined. Many of the roads were filthy and in the wet conditions they became impossible to use. Many roads were impossible to use such as Hillingdon Heath for the reason that the highwaymen sought out to hijack carriages. The highwaymen stole your goods while you were travelling with them. So in 1714 Uxbridge became a turnpike road. The disastrous road conditions and the highwaymen conditions led to the ideas of a canal being built.
The first initiative for canals in Hayes were drawn up in Buckinghamshire. Calculations of a barge boat carrying more than a horse and carriage inspired people, which in turn led to the canals being built. There were originally two routes drawn up the southern section, which ran through Watford, Ruislip, Harrow, Southall and Hanwell with linked routes to places such as Uxbridge. The other route would diverge through Watford to go through Rickmansworth, Denham, Uxbridge and Harlington to Southall. The second route was selected and approved in an act of parliament in 1793. Work commenced at once on the Oxford to Brentford section.
This section of the canal opened on Monday 3rd November 1794. In the 1800’s the Bulls Bridge to Paddington Branch of the canal was started and opened on July 10th 1901. This canal had a big impact on the public, as it was the start of the industrial revolution in the Hayes vicinity. During the Industrial revolution of Hayes new industries were brought in to Hayes and developed there.
In Hayes at one phase there were 5 brick works and they transported bricks all over Hayes and London. Horse and carriage could not carry the bricks so canals provided the brick works with the conveying they needed. The Great Western Railway was not built till 1864 and on its arrival it did not make immediate difference. In 1899 a company called the Hayes Development Company brought land in the South of Botwell to develop factories Taken as a whole all the new business now successfully opened and established needed a quick and cheap way of transporting the goods from one place to another without them being ruined or stolen. The quickest way to transport goods from one situation to another was by railway and canal.