Anatomy: directional terms

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Superior (cranial or cephalad)
Toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body; above

Inferior (caudal)
Away from the head end or toward the lower part of the structure or the body; below

Anterior (ventral)
Toward or at the front of the body; in front of

Posterior (dorsal)
Toward or at the backside of the body; behind

Toward or at the midline of the body; on the inner side of

Away from the midline of the body; on the outer side of

Between a more medial and more lateral structure

Close to the origin of the body part

Farther from the origin of a body part

Toward or at the body surface

Away from the body surface
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