1st AmendmentFreedom of religion (establishment & free exercise clauses), speech, press, assembly, and petition.
2nd AmendmentRight to bear arms.
A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.
3rd AmendmentProhibits the forced quartering of soldiers during peacetime.
4th Amendmentsearches and seizures (search warrant)
5th Amendment(1) No Self-Incrimination (Miranda)(2) No Double Jeopardy (defendant cannot be tried again on the same, or similar charges)(3) No deprivation of life liberty or property without “due process of law” (fair treatment)
No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation
6th AmendmentYou have the right to a speedy trial essay writer account. The right to counsel in criminal trials. You get a free lawyer (“public defender”). Right to jury in criminal trials.
7th AmendmentRight to jury in civil trials.
8th AmendmentGovernment cannot inflict cruel and unusual punishment.
9th AmendmentUnenumerated Rights Amendment. Rights in addition to those stated in the Constitution. Also read about Constitutional Amendments 1-27 . Not everything can be written down.
10th AmendmentPowers not expressly given to federal government by the Constitution are reserved to states or the people.
“reserved powers amendment”
“states’ rights amendment`
11th AmendmentOne State cannot be sued by another state
12th Amendmentseparation of votes for President and Vice President
13th AmendmentAbolished slavery.
14th Amendment(1) All persons born in the U.S. are citizens; (2) no person can be deprived of life, liberty or property without DUE PROCESS OF LAW; (3) no state can deprive a person of EQUAL PROTECTION of the laws.
15th AmendmentStates cannot deny any person the right to vote because of race.
16th AmendmentPower of Congress to tax income
17th AmendmentEstablished the direct election of senators (instead of being chosen by state legislatures)
18th AmendmentProhibition of alcohol
19th AmendmentStates cannot deny the right to vote based on gender
20th AmendmentCongress begins on January 30th; President starts on January 20th
21st AmendmentRepeal of Prohibition
22nd AmendmentLimits the president to two terms or 10 years.
23rd AmendmentGives Washington DC electoral college votes as if it were a state (DC still has no representation in Congress)
24th AmendmentAbolishes poll taxes
25th Amendment(1) Succession of VP if president dies or become incapable to do his job.(2) if there is no VP, president must appoint one, and congress must approve
26th AmendmentStates cannot deny the right to vote based on age (18+)
27th Amendmentcongressional pay raises are not begun until the next election