Adolf Hitler was one of the most bloodthirsty dictators history has ever known. He is famous for the mass murdering of Jews. Hitler rose to power because of the Nazi Party. He was one of the best speakers of the Nazi Party, which made him rise to the position of a dictator. Elie Wiesel in Night explains his horrific experience and how Hitler made the Germans think that Jews were not anything more than animals. Hitler had proved himself to be both a monster and a genius. Hitler had a very hard early life, with many deaths happening in his life.
He was a very courageous solider during World War I. Hitler‘s fantastic speeches lead him to become a chancellor then a president. Hitler was a tyrant; he had committed mass homicide of millions of Jews in Western Europe. His downfall was indeed memorable, like any other dictator he blamed his people (Germans) for what happened to their country. Hitler’s early life was full of obstacles and hardships; four of his seven siblings died as babies, only Paula, Alois, and Angela survived their childhood. His father was Alois Hitler and his mother was Klara Polzl.
Some misfortunes Hitler experienced was the loss of his father, which Hitler greatly respected and admired; then his mother died of breast cancer four years after his father’s death. The doctor of Hitler’s mother was Jewish and when she died, Hitler held the doctor responsible for her death. In Night, Elie Wiesel witnesses the burning of Jewish babies and little children. Wiesel states, “Never shall I forget that night, the first night in camp, that turned my life into one long night seven times sealed.
Never shall I forget that smoke. Never shall I forget the small faces of the children hose bodies I saw transformed into smoke under a silent sky”(Wiesel 34). Hitler used burning of Jewish children as a way to take revenge on Jews for his mother’s death. After being rejected by the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna, Hitler studied politics and gained a stereotype about Jews. He had a fixated anti- Jewish opinion which stayed with him till the end of his life. The claim that life in Vienna explains Hitler’s anti-Semitism has little foundation in fact, though hostility to the Jews was all around him in the prewar capital. He sold his pictures to Jewish galleries and had a number of Jewish friends.
His favorite conductor at the Vienna Court Opera was the German-Jewish Gustav. (“Adolf Hitler: Europe Since 1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of War and Reconstruction, 2007” 1) , which shows that Hitler was not rational in hating Jews. Hitler was showing early signs for his hate of Jews even during World War I. World War I came and Hitler volunteered to fight for the German Army. He was awarded Iron Cross Second Class and Iron Cross First Class. Before the end of war, Hitler was severely gassed and went to a hospital in Pomerania. He stayed in there for couple of months so he can recover from his temporary blindness.
Hitler was very furious when he found out that Germany was defeated, Hitler began by stressing the removal of Jews from Germany. Having infiltrated the small German Workers Party (soon to be named National Socialist German Workers Party) in September 1919 as an army spy, he fast became its star speaker, then its leader; spewing infectious rage in trenchant slogans and throaty accents, he blamed the parasitic, poisonous, profiteering Jew for Germany’s defeat. (Binion 2). In Night, even after World War II has ended no one thought of revenge; not one Jew did. Unlike Hitler they were not concerned about revenge but about their future.
They were not looking to kill anyone, even though millions of them were murdered by the SS officers. Nevertheless after joining the National Socialist German Workers Party, Hitler became more famous and rose. Hitler rose to power after his countless speeches. The Great Depression helped Hitler and his Nazi Party move into a political position. Hitler was against Paul Von Hindenburg for presidency. Hindenburg won and unwillingly assigned Hitler as chancellor. After two year, Hindenburg died and Hitler took over presidency and chancellorship. He made a dictatorship known as Third Reich.
The absence of settled administrative routine and the habit of delegation has led some historians to the conclusion that Hitler was a ‘weak dictator,’ dominated by the power structures around him and unable to insist on his own political intentions. The reality was more complex. There were no power centers that could effectively challenge Hitler’s position after 1934; no major decision could be taken without his consent, and Hitler could overturn minor decisions, even of courts, if he chose to intervene. ” (“Adolf Hitler: Europe Since 1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of War and Reconstruction, 2007” 4) this shows how well plotted Third Reich was.
At this point, Hitler has taken over much of West Europe and now he wants Russia. He takes over Russia under the operation of Barbarossa. The German Army retreats because they found themselves trapped in a severe winter without supplies. In Night, alike to what the Jews of Sighet thought at the beginning memoir, the historians also has concluded that Hitler was a “weak leader” of Germany. The Jews of Sighet kept high hopes because they thought Hitler was not going to affect them in any possible way.
They thought they were safe from Hitler’s rage and hate but unfortunately, they were not. They got sent to the concentration camp. During the dictatorship of Hitler over two thirds of the Jews of Europe were slaughtered because Jews were the priority hazard to Germany, others along with several Poles, Slavs, gypsies, Jehovah’s Witnesses, disabled people, homosexuals, and other assumed political dangers to Hitler. Jews were at first subjected to humiliation such as having to wear a bright yellow star, having to shop at separate stores and have to attend different schools.
They were later on alienated from the rest by being sent to live in the Ghettos. After a couple of weeks they were sent to the concentration camps. There Jews were starved to death, and there were many diseases because of how unsanitary and the hard labor that they had to do even during the harsh winters. All the valuables the Jews had were taken away from them. Families were split apart like what happened to Elie Wiesel in the memoir Night. When Elie and his family arrived to Auschwitz concentration camp, they were told that “Men to the left! Women to the right! ” (Wiesel 29).
Elie’s mother and his little sister, Tzipora went to the left line; after that it is assumed that they went the crematoriums, which is where the children, weak women, and weak men went because they were considered not worthy and beneficial enough to live. Hitler had destroyed the Jewish people faith in their God. An example of that is Elie’s “faceless neighbor” at the hospital, he told Elie, “I have more faith in Hitler than in anyone else. He alone has kept his promises, all his promises, to the Jewish people. ”(Wiesel 81). That is an example of the general low morale among the Jews at the time.
That statement shows that Hitler had succeed in making the Jewish people’s lives a living hell. In the spring German forces were diverted to the conquest of the Yugoslavia and Greece, but on 22 June 1941 the invasion of the Soviet Union began. In the months beforehand Hitler had approved special orders allowing German troops and security forces to murder communists and Jews in state service, and from the early weeks of the invasion Jewish communities were targeted for indiscriminate murder. (“Adolf Hitler: Europe Since 1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of War and Reconstruction, 2007” 5-6). Hitler had planned to “free” the world of the Jewish people “filth” by invading other countries to do so.
Some of the counties he invaded were Czechoslovakia, Poland, Hungary, Yugoslavia, France, Netherlands, Soviet Union and many more. Just like the famous Politician, John Dalberg-Acton said “absolute power corrupts absolutely”; this applies to Hitler’s fall. In spring 1944 he insisted on dividing German forces along the French channel coast to meet the expected Anglo-American invasion, a decision that made it possible for the campaign in Normandy to succeed when it was aunched on 6 June 1944. Throughout the period of German retreats Hitler refused to acknowledge reality. Though some of his entourage made tentative peace feelers, Hitler seems never to have entertained the idea of surrender. (“Adolf Hitler: Europe Since 1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of War and Reconstruction, 2007” 6). , this shows that Hitler would not confess defeat no matter what happens and was going to fight till the end. Many people tried to take revenge on Hitler for what he had done to their country.
He was “dragging Germany down into a complete state of destruction. ” Hitler didn’t want to take responsibility for Germany’s downfall so he blamed it on the Germans for “not passing the superiority test. ” Hitler had committed suicide on April 30, 1945 with his wife Eva Braun, which he married a day before they both killed themselves. This proves that Hitler would not let himself go down with Germany, so he decided to kill himself rather than be brave and face the enemy. The SS officers in the book Night are exactly like their leader Hitler.
When the resistance came, it was described by Elie that the battle did not last long. The SS officers had fled just like their Fuhrer. He fled by killing himself and they fled by running away from the resistance. Hitler one of the most brutal dictators the world has ever known. He had proven himself to be a clever beast. Hitler had a difficult childhood and teenage life because of the loss of a lot of family members at these parts of his life. He had shown extreme bravery during World War I, when he volunteered as a solider for the German Army.
Hitler’s talent at public speaking led him to become a famous person then a chancellor of Germany. Hitler‘s genocide of the Jewish population in six and half years. Hitler went from a dictator worshipped by his people to a dictator that his followers were trying to kill him. A person would need to be extreme cleverness to construct all those concentration camps and his strong form of government. Hitler’s acts had let deep scars in the world that would certainly not fade away any time soon.
January 9, 2018
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