A Beginners Guide on Triathlon Training

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Triathlon is a multi sport event consisting of running, swimming and cycling in a continuation over different distances. The competition among the triathletes is for the overall time taken by them for the completion, which includes individual timing between swimming, running and biking. There are various types of races in triathlon. According to USA triathlon the main distances are known as sprint distance which include 750 m of swim, 5 km of run and 20 km of biking) , Olympic distance ( 1.5 km swim, 10 km run and 40 km ride), ultra distance( 3.8 km swim, 180 km ride and 42.2 km marathon). These were the various international race distances. The most popular is the Iron man triathlon, which comes under ultra distance.

The transitional areas are positioned as between the swim and run which is known as T1 and between bike and run known as T2. There is just one checkpoint that too only in shorter courses. These checkpoints are used to store the bicycles or any other essential accessories used for preparing and gearing for the next stage in the race. The transition time is included in the overall time of the race. The time taken for removing wetsuit, putting on shoes or putting on helmet is included in the overall time.
In long races, the transition areas are very longer may up to a kilometer long and consists of 2000 bicycles. Apart from that these areas have headquarters and are the integral part of the race. There are various trainings given periodically in different disciplines. Apart from that training for combinational workouts, general strength, power etc are given to ensure highest levels in the race. The person who is proficient in swimming, running and cycling is not only sufficient for triathlon.

HISTORY
The beginnings of triathlon were started in 1920 in France. According to the historians triathlon was started in 1920s-1930s which was earlier known by different names such as “La course des Touche a Tout”, “Les trois sports” and “La Course des Debrouillards”. Nowadays triathlon is held almost every year in Joinville-le-Pont in Poissy and Meulan in France. There was a tri sport event held in 1902 which consisted f running, cycling and canoeing. There were many tri sport events which were held between 1920 and 1960.

In 1920 there was an event held in Marne known as “Les Trois Sports” with a 3 km of run, 12 km of bike and a swimming. And these three parts of the race were done in continuation. One more event took place in Marseilles in 1921 which had bike , run and swim in order. Among various participants there was an American athlete known as Charles. There are a number of articles published in the newspaper for various races held 1921 in Marseille. There was an article published about “Les Trois Sports” known as the three sports held at La Rochelle which included a channel crossing of 200 m, a bike competition of 10 km around the harbor and a run of 1200 m in the stadium of Andre-Barbeau.

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